The word "Sommelier"' or wine waiter, may have stemmed from the phrase "bete de somme" in this old French language, a "bete de some" was a "best of burden". Later, the word became more specialized and referred to the official responsible for the transport of the French Royalty's baggage. During the reign of Louis XIV, the sommelier was not only the official in charge of the baggage when the court moved, but when in the household of great lord, he was the official who chose the wines, table settings and desserts.
What does a Sommelier do?
"A Sommelier is there to help quests select wine, make sure it is sound, and to keep glasses full throughout the meal"
They are expected to be able to answer to questions about production methods, wine regions, grape varieties and the harmony of food and wine. An in-depth knowledge of liqueurs, brandies, ports cigars and waters is also required
"A good Sommelier is a showman or woman when out on the floor, the act of decanting a bottle of wine, for example, adds an air of drama to the theater of dining"
Good Sommeliers understand that the dining room is a theater. But theater-or the dance as dinner service is referred to in the trade, is just what the diners see.
Behind the scenes,sommeliers know that things are not quite as glamorous.
Before service, there are many chores. Sommeliers evaluate wine daily, looking for value and menu compatibility. They meet with vendors and place orders. They receive and stock the wines, lifting cases and climbing up and down stairs and sometimes ladders to place the bottles in their racks. They take physical inventory regularly, oversee staff training and are responsible for running a profitable wine program.
Off duty, they read stacks of trade and consumer publications, occasionally visit wine regions try new foods and wines while checking their competition and at he same time.